So far we’ve covered all the opening bids at the one level. Now we’re off for the deep woods. Got your sword?
The Strong Two Club Opener¶
An opening bid of two clubs is the strongest possible opening bid, showing 22 or more points if the hand is balanced. If the hand is not balanced, but rather has a long solid suit, you can open it two clubs if it has at least 8 ½ tricks in it and at least 18 points. It is too misleading to partner to open a weaker hand with two clubs. A two club opener is nearly forcing to game.
The standard responses are:
- 2♦ (waiting) is called “waiting” and is purely artificial, indicating that none of the other situations apply. Opener announces “waiting”, meaning the responder is waiting for opener to describe his hand. Responder might have good values but lacks a good five card suit, or might have no points at all.
- 2♥, 2♠, 3♣, and 3♦ show at least 8 points and a good five card suit. These bids are game forcing.
- 2N shows a balanced hand with at least 8 points, game-forcing.
Opener rebids 2N with a balanced 22-24, 3N with 25-27, and so on.
When opener does make a notrump rebid, all the strong 1N systems are “on”. For example,
2♣ – 2♦ – 2N – 3♥
is a transfer to spades.
It should be noted that while responder may pass a 2N rebid with a bad hand, all the suit bids by opener are unlimited and completely forcing. Holding
♠234 ♥234 ♦2345 ♣234
and hearing partner rebid 2♠, you must bid. A responder with a bust (defined as no Ace, no King, less than 4 points) shows this with a second bid of the cheapest available minor.
For example, 2♣ - 2♦(waiting) - 2♥ - 3♣!(negative) uses the tempo of the forcing 2♥ bid to tell opener the bad news.
Two popular alternate schemes for responding to 2♣ are described in Advanced Bidding.
Preemptive Opening Bids¶
A preemptive bid is one designed to make the opponents miserable even though you have a poor hand, by using up the room they have to maneuver. The opening preempts are those above 2♣. Be aware that many pairs play 2♦ to mean minimal three-suited openers or other hand types; this must be alerted.
Opening bids (or jump overcalls) of 2♦, 2♥, and 2♠ are weak bids, showing a six card suit with 5-10 points, with 10 being rare. If we are vulnerable, the suit must be a good one, that is, two of the top three honors or three of the top five, including at least one of the top three. Not vulnerable, the bid promises at least a Queen and a six-card suit.
In first or second seat, the hand should not contain an outside four-card major, or even a good three-card major holding.
Opinion differs here. There are many very good players who preempt with less than these requirements. However sticking to the requirements has some positive payoffs in finding 3N games and in playing defense when they bid over it.
These bids have an entirely different meaning in fourth seat. There is no reason to preempt in fourth seat. A two-level bid in fourth seat shows a hand that would have opened at the one level and then rebid the suit at the two level, typically six cards and 12-14 points. Likewise, higher bids show progressively more powerful hands.
A raise from the two level to the three level is purely preemptive and relies on the idea that a nine card fit is relatively safe at the three level. It does not require a lot of points, but it does require three trump.
Excepting a raise, other bids by responder are forcing. The 2N bid is a conventional bid that asks the opener to bid a suit in which he holds an outside Ace or King, or else to rebid his suit. Knowing that the opener has an outside entry may permit responder to go to game. This 2N bid is called “feature-asking”. There are other schemes for 2N but they must be alerted.
Generally a bid other than a raise is going to show a hand of 16 points or so. Also, be prepared for opener to simply rebid his suit. He could quite well have nothing else to say.
One test used to decide whether to raise a 2M preempt to the four level is the “Rule of 17”: add the HCP to the number of trumps held, and go to game if the total is 17 or more. It is best to use your brain, however, and imagine how the particular cards you hold will play opposite your partner’s. This is a situation in which it is nice to be confident partner followed the rules about suit quality.
Three-level opening bids are similar to two-level preempts, except they show a seven card suit or six good clubs. To compete over such a preempt requires more than a minimum opening hand.
Three-level openings in fourth seat are not preemptive. They show a hand that would open at the one level and rebid at the three level, typically a six card suit and 17-19 points.
Four-level opening bids are preemptive, showing usually an 8-card suit or better. The bid is not strong, and partner must be cautious about going on. Other than that the treatment is similar to the three-level preempt.
Again, in 4th seat this is a powerful bid, showing 20 points or more. If it really is so great a hand that you are afraid of being left short of game by a partner with almost nothing, it is likely a candidate for a 2♣ opener.
Since one can open 2♣ and rebid 3N with a balanced 25-27 point hand, there is no need to open 3N to show this kind of hand. The (non-standard) Gambling 3N convention uses this bid to show a hand with ALL of these properties:
- A solid minor with at least 7 cards.
- No four-card major
- No Ace or King outside the long minor
These restrictions are to talk you out of missing a slam and to help partner precisely visualize his chances for a 3N contract. If partner does think 3N will make, he passes. That means he has stoppers in the other suits, because he is under no illusions that you can help. If not, he bids 4♣ and you correct to diamonds if necessary.
This bid does not come up very often of course, but neither does the one it replaces. It will lead to rather spectacular failures if you and your partner are not on the same precise wavelength.